The Chihuahua originated from Mexico. Although the Chihuahua history is vague, it is believed that both the Toltec and the Aztec cultures had dogs. This included a small breed called the Techichi. It’s possible that this breed was possibly the ancestors of the Chihuahua.
The Chihuahua has a vague history, although it is known that Aztecs refined the Techichi dog breed into a smaller dog breed. When the Spanish conquistadors destroyed the Aztec civilization in the 1500s, the Techichi dog breed was an essential part of the Aztec culture. This hardy little breed lived in small villages in the mid-1800s when the U.S developed a liking for this breed in the State of Chihuahua. By 1908 the first Chihuahua was registered with the AKC.
The Chihuahua is a compact little dog that is slightly longer than it is tall. This very feisty little breed has a large skull that is rounded. With a short muzzle that is somewhat pointed, the Chihuahua has large and full eyes. Ears are large and erect with tips that go outwards. This breed has a long, thin tail and carried erect, horizontal, or in a loop over the back.
The Chihuahua has two types of coat. It can either be longhaired or smooth. The longhaired breed has a soft, flat, or curly coat with an undercoat. This breed also has a large ruff on the neck and a feather on its tail, feet, and legs.
This breed can be any color with a coat that may be solid, marked, or splashed. Chihuahua’s most common coat colors are fawn, sable, red, black and tan, tricolor, and brindle. Shorter bodies are preferred in males.
The Chihuahua has a ‘terrier-like attitude. This is a small dog breed with a tremendous attitude. The American Kennel Club (AKC) describes this breed as “Alert, projecting the ‘terrier-like attitudes of self-importance, confidence, self-reliance.”
The Chihuahua, like all dog breeds, needs positive training and socialization from a young age. This alert yet sensitive dog breed enjoys a relaxed home. If socialized puppyhood, the Chihuahua is excellent with all pets and people but always needs time to adjust. This breed can be challenging because of its ‘terrier-like temperament. If you’re looking for an aggressive yet sensitive small dog breed, the Chihuahua makes for a great companion.
This very self-important breed does well with plenty of on-leash exercises. Pet owners need to be careful that Chihuahua does not run away if off-leash. Early socialization with other dogs, people, and animals is highly recommended.
Puppy training classes for your dog are a definite must since this breed can only benefit from dog training classes. That said, the Chihuahua is sensitive yet active and playful. This breed gets scared easily and can also get aggressive very quickly, barking a lot.
Positive dog training for the Chihuahua needs to be consistent. Yet, one needs to consider this breed’s sensitivity and not break his playful spirit with unnecessary reprimands.
This is a tiny dog breed that needs plenty of reassurance and socialization. This breed does well with older people but can be with families in a not too rowdy household. The Chihuahua does not like loud noises.
Possible Health Concerns
The Chihuahua is a healthy dog breed that may be prone to a few health conditions.
- Heart Problems – also known as Mitral Valve Disease (MVD), happens when the mitral valve thickens and degrades over time. Coughing and difficulty breathing are signs.
- Dry eyes may affect this breed and can result in blindness. See your veterinarian if you notice excessive blinking, sticky or red eyes.
- Patellar Luxation – occurs when the kneecap is dislocated. You’ll need to visit your vet, or it may lead to arthritis.
As with all dog breeds, this small dog breed needs daily walks and off-leash trips to the dog park and beach. It has a low activity level and does well with apartment living and as a companion dog for seniors. This breed is the ideal city pet that you can take with you everywhere.
Some Chihuahuas pick up weight quickly and can become obese. Feeding this breed high-quality dog food, especially for smaller breeds, is essential. High-quality dog food formulas for the appropriate life stage are always needed. Pet parents should never neglect to feed a well-balanced diet. Dog food that works for one Chihuahua may not work for another.
Chihuahua owners should assess their dog’s activity level, age, breed, and any medical conditions that he or she may be prone to. Ask your veterinarian about the best high-quality food options that will help to give your Chihuahua a longer and healthier life! It will also help your dog live a longer and healthier life.
Give this breed fresh fruits, salmon, chicken, vegetables, minerals, and fiber is a plus. Consider a high-quality, all-natural diet with no additives, no cheap fillers. Treats should be healthy and low fat to prevent obesity.
The Chihuahua almost self-cleans and looks immaculate most of the time. They need to be groomed every day, along with regular bathing. Keep in mind that dental care, ear cleaning, and nail trimming are necessary. Dental hygiene is crucial in small dogs, so those dental cleanings are essential at the vet. The Chihuahua enjoys being bathed, and if longhaired, does well at the groomers. Occasional shedding may occur!
Adopting a Chihuahua
Keep in mind that when adopting the Chihuahua, he may appear nervous and aggressive at the shelter. It’s best to take your time to make a decision and visit the Chihuahua rescue a few times to get to know him. All Chihuahua’s will have huge personalities and make for excellent companions.
This feisty breed needs time to adjust to new surroundings and will be very nervous at first. Your adopted Chihuahua may take a while to adapt to his new home, but once he’s settled down, there’s no turning back. He’ll be back to his confident self, ready to be the best companion out!
The Chihuahua makes for a terrific adoption! As always, make sure that you’ve made your home safe before welcoming your rescue. There will be many areas of your home and garden that your new rescue will have access to!
Chihuahua Breeders in the USA
Tivoli Chihuahuas (Florida)
- Clermont, Florida
- (540) 6647978
Chihuahua Breeders in Canada
- Nanaimo, British Columbia
- (250) 7537297